Diagnosis and Treatment of Hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids are a very common medical problem experienced by many men and women. Hemorrhoids occur when veins in the anal area swell. When the swelling is inside the rectum they are internal hemorrhoids. Outside the rectum, the swollen veins are known as external hemorrhoids. Some of the usual causes of the swelling veins are bowel irregularity as well as straining throughout bowel movements, pregnancy and anything else that contributes to pressure on the blood vessels in the anal area.
Symptoms of External Hemorrhoids Tend to be Itching or Pain in the Anal Area
Straining to have a bowel movement can cause the hemorrhoids to bleed. Internal hemorrhoids rarely cause pain or even itchiness but they could hemorrhage. Rectal bleeding can be a symptom of something more severe so don't assume that hemorrhoids are the cause.
Some Patients Choose to Discuss the Issue With Their Family Physician First
Others choose to go directly to a proctologist. A proctologist is a physician who specializes in treating disorders of the anal sphincter, rectum and colon. There are many online sites and resources for finding a proctologist in your area or you may wish to start with your family doctor and find out if he or she would recommend a visit to a proctologist.
External Hemorrhoids - Causes and Treatment
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Your family doctor or proctologist will diagnose hemorrhoids with an exam that may involve inserting his / her gloved finger into the patient's rectum or using a lighted opportunity to get a view of the area. When the diagnosis of hemorrhoids is made, a number of remedies are available.
Non-surgical procedures to treat hemorrhoids include shrinking the hemorrhoid by putting a small rubber band about it or injecting it along with a solution. Other methods cut off the blood supply to the hemorrhoid with infrared light or a laser. These methods are intended to shrink the hemorrhoid. If none of these methods work, surgery may be necessary to remove the hemorrhoids.
One of the newer non-surgical procedures uses a very low direct current that is gently applied to the hemorrhoid, targeting the blood vessel leading to the particular hemorrhoid. When blood flow to the hemorrhoid is cut off, the hemorrhoid starts to shrink. It will continue to shrink for 7-10 days after treatment. The procedure only takes about 10 minutes to perform and also demands no anesthesia or perhaps special preparations. Patients are able to return to their normal activities right after treatment.
Ethan Smith lives in North Carolina and writes articles on many health topics. If you are considering a visit to a proctologist or need to learn more about hemorrhoid remedy, visit http://hdtreatmentcenter.com.